Integration of Stressful Life Experiences Scale (ISLES)

The ISLES is a 16-item measure designed to assess the extent to which someone has adaptively integrated or made sense of a problematic life experience. The ISLES has been validated in several recent studies with military veterans, older adults with depression, violence-exposed teachers, and college students. It is currently being used in a number of investigations across the globe.

The ISLES can be successfully used as a global assessment of meaning made after a stressful life event or as two subscales that tap into the Comprehensibility of the event (i.e., the extent to which the event has been assimilated into existing meaning structures) and Footing in the World (i.e. the extent to which one is able to retain a sense of security in the world and purpose in life).

In addition to the original English version, the ISLES has been translated into six other languages. For each language, the ISLES was translated and independently back-translated by native speakers and then reviewed and modified accordingly. Psychometric information on the Spanish version was recently published in the International Journal of Stress Management. These translations are available for download as Word or PDF documents in the pane to the right. Feedback on the translations from native speakers is welcomed. The a 6-item short form of the ISLES (ISLES-SF) has also been developed and tested in recent investigation.

Performance of Appointment Tasks Scale (PATS)

When assessing neuropsychological deficits among older adults, there is often a need to acquire informant data regarding their performance of everyday tasks. Despite its importance in establishing appropriate diagnoses and treatment plans, such information is often difficult for researchers and busy practitioners to obtain.

The Performance of Appointment Tasks Scale (PATS) is a newly developed staff-rated instrument designed to aid practitioners in gathering more objective data about older patients’ ability to carry out simple behavioral tasks. In particular, the PATS assesses an individual’s: (1) capacity to organize and execute a plan for arrival and departure to an appointment (PATS #1), (2) ability to understand and follow instructions (PATS #2), and (3) speed/efficiency with regard to cognitive processing (PATS #3).    

English ISLES:       doc   pdf

Spanish ISLES:      doc   pdf

French ISLES:       doc  pdf

Dutch ISLES:        doc   pdf 

Arabic ISLES:       doc   pdf

Chinese ISLES:     doc   pdf

Portuguese ISLES:         pdf

ISLES-SF:              doc   pdf

Moral Injury Questionnaire (MIQ)

Moral injury is an emerging construct related to the negative consequences associated with occupational stressors that transgress one’s deeply held values/beliefs. We have developed three versions of a scale that tap into morally injurious experiences, which include the Moral Injury Questionnaire – Military (MIQ-M) version in English and a version for violence-exposed teachers (MIQ-T) in English and Spanish. The MIQ-M includes 19 items and has been shown in a recent study (now in press in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy) to be uniquely associated with suicide risk and mental health outcomes among veterans who have returned from Iraq and Afghanistan. The MIQ-T is made up of 12 items. In a recent investigation that is now in press in Psychological Trauma, scores from this scale were shown to be uniquely linked with posttraumatic stress symptoms and workplace burnout among Salvadorian teachers, above and beyond rates of direct victimization and demographic factors.

MIQ-Military:       doc   pdf


MIQ-Teacher:       doc   pdf


MIQ-Teacher:       doc   pdf


Inventory of Complicated Spiritual Grief (ICSG)

Although spirituality often has been associated with better outcomes following bereavement, it can be significantly challenged by loss as well. Studies have shown that some bereaved individuals suffer profoundly not only in relation to the death of their loved one but also in their relationship with God and their faith community.  In the absence of a simple, multidimensional, and well-validated measure of spiritual struggle following loss, investigators have largely relied upon non-grief-specific instruments to capture spiritual struggle among bereaved individuals. Thus, the Inventory of Complicated Spiritual Grief (ICSG) was designed to assess spiritual struggle specifically in the context of loss. This 18-item scale can be used as an overall assessment of grief-related spiritual struggle. In addition, the ICSG includes two subscales that measure Insecurity with God and Disruption in Religious Practice.